Türkiye: A Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Pathway Analysis for the Fertiliser Sector

GTE and ESCON companies are technical contractors, and the Ministry of Industry and Technology is the beneficiary of the “Türkiye: A Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Pathway Analysis for the Fertiliser Sector” project financed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). The aim of this project is to determine a roadmap for the Turkish fertiliser industry and to harmonise with the European Green Deal in this context.

The greenhouse gas and policy interaction model to be developed and the effects of the EU Emissions Trading System and the Border Carbon Regulation Mechanism will be examined by analysing the current situation and emission reduction scenarios within the scope of the project. In the study, which will be contributed by the leading fertiliser producer companies in Turkey, relevant public institutions, and national and international non-governmental organisations, precise results will be obtained about the investment and technology needs for the sector for decarbonisation in the medium and long-term.

Managing the Impact of the EU Green Deal (ECC) on ASO Member Enterprises

Ankara Chamber of Industry (ASO) initiated the Managing the Impacts of the EU Green Deal on ASO Member Enterprises Project in order to ensure that its members are prepared for the opportunities, risks and regulations created by the EU European Green Deal.

EWA Corporate Consultancy and GTE are the project partners of the project and current situation and gap analyses have been carried out within the framework of field visits. The main purpose of the project is to identify the opportunities, impacts and risks created by the ECC on businesses, to ensure better management of these impacts and risks and to create a roadmap for the method to be followed. Within the scope of the project, a grouping consisting of 15 titles on sector basis was made by taking into account the 35 professional committees in the ASO organisational structure. Sectoral actions have been proposed for the relevant sectors in the determined groups.

Bilateral Collaboration Program with the US National Science Foundation (NSF)

METU Department of Environmental Engineering (Prof. Dr. İpek İmamoğlu) as project coordinator and researcher (Prof. Dr. F. Dilek Sanin), University of Maine, Arizona State University and GTE as project partners. The project “MiOCAP – Combining Molecular Level Microplastic-Organic Interaction with Meso-Scale Circularity Assessment for Macro-Scale Policy Impact” is supported by the “Support Programme for Increasing the Capacity to Benefit from International Research Funds and Participation in International R&D Collaborations” under the joint programme of the US National Science Foundation (NSF) and TÜBİTAK. The pilot region of the project is Izmir province and the beneficiary is Izmir Development Agency.

The main objective of the project is to develop a circularity performance assessment (CPA) framework and contribute to the development of strategies and policies in line with the outputs obtained from the framework to be developed in order to reduce the negative ecosystem impacts related to microplastics at large scale. In addition, a web-based tool will be introduced as a guide to measure the status and potential of circularity at the value chain level and strategy recommendations will be developed.

EKO PRODUCTION- Climate Friendly Competitiveness Program

Increasing environmental sustainability needs all over the world, transition to a low carbon economy, increasing importance of issues such as resource efficiency, circular economy, energy efficiency, and global priorities within the scope of sustainability and climate change and the political, legal and commercial regulations brought by these will bring to the industry, especially export companies, a very important contribution. costs occur. Seeing this need, TTGV is developing the “ECO PRODUCTION – Climate Friendly Competitiveness Programme and contributing to the development of the industry with a focus on sustainable production and climate change; It aims to provide a comprehensive support approach that will create a value chain, from analysis and needs assessment to project design and access to finance, and to create solution-oriented value-creating collaborations by bringing different stakeholders together as an integrator/coordinator platform.

In the project, where GTE is involved as a project consultant, with the project design and feasibility support to the companies selected as a result of the negotiations with the Medium and Large Scale Enterprises in Ankara, Izmir and Manisa, both for the existing resources of TTGV for this purpose and for the sustainable production to be offered by the public and private sectors. It is aimed to provide easier access to appropriate financial resources.

Use of Biomass to be Produced from Red Sea Algae in the Production of Valuable Bio-components

The consultancy of the project carried out by Kırıkkale University with the feasibility support provided by Ahiler Development Agency was done by GTE. In the project, it is aimed to reduce negative environmental impacts by using microalgae production and wastewater treatment synergistically and to provide commercial benefits for different sectors of algae biomass.

The project was completed in February 2021. During the feasibility study, a technical/economic feasibility study was conducted for a pilot plant for an innovative microalgae system that will provide nutrient recovery by treating wastewater with an intersectoral “symbiotic approach”.

Exploring Industrial Symbiosis Possibilities for Food Chain Waste

A project to explore industrial symbiosis opportunities for food chain waste was carried out in Antalya with the Fund for the Third Phase of the Civil Society Support Program (CSSP-III) of the Turkish Food Rescue Association. The project, which started in 2019, was completed in 2020.

Technical field studies were carried out by GTE within the scope of the project. In the light of the information obtained, potential industrial symbiosis opportunities that stand out in the sector were investigated and a workshop was held.

Evaluation of Water Efficiency Focused R&D and Process Development Opportunities

Within the scope of the technical support of Bursa Eskişehir Bilecik Development Agency (BEBKA), the Water Efficiency Focused R&D and Process Development/Improvement Opportunities Project was supported, and the technical consultancy of the project, which started towards the end of 2020, is provided by GTE.

In this context, it is aimed to determine the water efficiency application possibilities by carrying out studies to determine the critical points/products dependent on water. It is aimed to ensure the sustainability of application opportunities by conducting in-house trainings on water efficiency, water footprint and carbon footprint.

Media Recovery and Value-Added Fertilizer Production from Biogas Plant Wastes

“Media Recovery from Biogas Facility Wastes”, under the direction of METU Environmental Engineering Department (Assist. Prof. Dr. Yasemin Dilşad Yılmazel), where Cranfield University (Dr. Imma Bortone) and GTE are the project partners and SÜTAŞ is the beneficiary. and Fertilizer Production with High Value Added project was supported by the Katip Çelebi-Newton Fund under the joint program of the Royal Academy of Engineering (United Kingdom) and TUBITAK.

The main purpose of the project is to transform wastewater, which causes significant environmental problems when not treated sufficiently, into valuable products. Within the scope of the project, which will last for 2 years, the use of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) compounds, which can cause various operational problems in biogas plants and are found extensively in wastewater, for the production of “Struvite”, a valuable fertilizer, will be investigated.

Investigation of the Conditions of Use of Iron Oxide Wastes in Sütas Biogas Facilities

GTE carried out the Turkey Material Marketplace (TMM) R&D project supported by the EBRD with Sutas A.Ş. In the project, instead of FeCl3, which is used as H2S scavenger in the biogas facilities of SUTAS A.Ş., the use of iron oxide wastes from the metalworking industry was evaluated. In this context, analyzes were carried out on the waste samples taken from Beycelik Gestamp A.S. and the feasibility of the application, which was tested at Sutas biogas facility, was studied by GTE.

According to the results obtained in the developed R&D project, it has been seen that the waste going to the landfills in the current situation has the potential to be evaluated. With the realization of the project, a total of 324 tons of iron oxide waste will be used annually. The proposed industrial symbiosis implementation will yield a net annual savings of €78,450 with a payback period of 3.4 years. Considering the rapidly growing biogas market, although there are 85 biogas plants operating in Turkey, the demand for remedial chemicals in biogas is expected to increase further soon.

The other project we realized with SUTAS:

Use of Metal Corrosion Waste in the Production of High Value Coagulants

Turkey Material Marketplace (TMM) R&D project supported by EBRD SAUERESSIG Prepress Preparation Systems San. Trade Inc. carried out together with the overall aim of the study was to investigate the regeneration feasibility of rotogravure cylinder production waste (e.g., FeCl3) to develop high performance coagulant that can be used commercially in various industries.

This R&D project will guide the applicable technological options for the purification/regeneration of ferric chloride (FeCl3) wastes, and it is anticipated that the results of the study will help direct the ferrous chloride waste to more useful and valuable industrial applications, rather than sending it to waste disposal sites. Within the scope of the project, technical, economic, legal, and environmental evaluations of potential waste exchange were made.

Another project we have done with the EBRD: