The Cross-border Climate Vulnerabilities and Remote Impacts of EU, Turkey and African Food Systems Project (CREATE)

“Cross-border Climate Vulnerabilities and Remote Effects of EU, Turkey and African Food Systems: Trade, Climate Risk and Adaptation (CREATE)” project, coordinated by Ankara University Water Management Institute (Assoc. Prof. Gökşen Çapar) and GTE is a project partner. H2020 Food Systems and Climate (FOSC) is supported under the ERA-NET Cofund 2019 call.

Works are carried out by a consortium of eight organizations from Turkey, Morocco, the Netherlands and Egypt. CREATE aims to develop a new cross-border climate risk/impact assessment methodology for food value chains based on the concept of established sourcing (e.g. water, soil and carbon) and trade that maps the representative links between socio-economic activities and remote climatic hazards in the EU, Africa and Turkey.

Development of Circular Water Management Possibilities at Multisectoral (Urban, Industrial and Agricultural) Scale: The Case of Küçük Menderes River Basin

Istanbul Aydın University (Dr. Lecturer Hasan Volkan ORAL) coordinated by Dokuz Eylül University, General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works and GTE as project partners “Development of Circular Water Management Opportunities at Multisectoral (Urban, Industrial and Agricultural) Scale: The Case of Küçük Menderes River Basin” project is supported by COST European Cooperation in Science and Technology and TUBITAK joint programme “Implementing nature-based solutions for creating a resourceful city -CA 17133 – WG 2” action.

The project aims to develop circular water management possibilities at a multispectral scale in the case of the Küçük Menderes River Basin. The issue of water allocation will be partially proposed based on the intended uses that will indirectly come up when analysing different water uses (industry-urban-agriculture), integrating the treatment option when necessary. Therefore, the discussion and evaluation of both the water quality in Küçük Menderes and the water quality that may arise from cyclic processes will emerge as the project develops.

Mey|Diageo- Water Replacement Project in Manisa Region

Within the scope of Mey|Diageo’s Ecosystem 2030 targets determined at the global level, the “Drip Irrigation” project was realized as the first water supply project of GTE in Alasehir, Manisa Region. In the project, where EWA Corporate Consulting is a project partner, infrastructure improvement was made by working with local municipalities and a local irrigation cooperative to establish a more efficient drip system.

The main purpose of the project is to increase the product quality, increase the yield and increase the income of the farmers in the vineyards of the region. Thanks to the project, it was foreseen that 50% savings could be achieved in the amount of water used, and more than 15,100 cubic meters of water was recovered in 2022.

Use of Biomass to be Produced from Red Sea Algae in the Production of Valuable Bio-components

The consultancy of the project carried out by Kırıkkale University with the feasibility support provided by Ahiler Development Agency was done by GTE. In the project, it is aimed to reduce negative environmental impacts by using microalgae production and wastewater treatment synergistically and to provide commercial benefits for different sectors of algae biomass.

The project was completed in February 2021. During the feasibility study, a technical/economic feasibility study was conducted for a pilot plant for an innovative microalgae system that will provide nutrient recovery by treating wastewater with an intersectoral “symbiotic approach”.

Exploring Industrial Symbiosis Possibilities for Food Chain Waste

A project to explore industrial symbiosis opportunities for food chain waste was carried out in Antalya with the Fund for the Third Phase of the Civil Society Support Program (CSSP-III) of the Turkish Food Rescue Association. The project, which started in 2019, was completed in 2020.

Technical field studies were carried out by GTE within the scope of the project. In the light of the information obtained, potential industrial symbiosis opportunities that stand out in the sector were investigated and a workshop was held.

Evaluation of Water Efficiency Focused R&D and Process Development Opportunities

Within the scope of the technical support of Bursa Eskişehir Bilecik Development Agency (BEBKA), the Water Efficiency Focused R&D and Process Development/Improvement Opportunities Project was supported, and the technical consultancy of the project, which started towards the end of 2020, is provided by GTE.

In this context, it is aimed to determine the water efficiency application possibilities by carrying out studies to determine the critical points/products dependent on water. It is aimed to ensure the sustainability of application opportunities by conducting in-house trainings on water efficiency, water footprint and carbon footprint.

Media Recovery and Value-Added Fertilizer Production from Biogas Plant Wastes

“Media Recovery from Biogas Facility Wastes”, under the direction of METU Environmental Engineering Department (Assist. Prof. Dr. Yasemin Dilşad Yılmazel), where Cranfield University (Dr. Imma Bortone) and GTE are the project partners and SÜTAŞ is the beneficiary. and Fertilizer Production with High Value Added project was supported by the Katip Çelebi-Newton Fund under the joint program of the Royal Academy of Engineering (United Kingdom) and TUBITAK.

The main purpose of the project is to transform wastewater, which causes significant environmental problems when not treated sufficiently, into valuable products. Within the scope of the project, which will last for 2 years, the use of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) compounds, which can cause various operational problems in biogas plants and are found extensively in wastewater, for the production of “Struvite”, a valuable fertilizer, will be investigated.

Water Sustainability of Turkish Dairy Sector: Efficiency, Risks and Vulnerabilities

The “Water Sustainability of the Turkish Dairy Industry: Efficiency, Risks and Vulnerabilities” project was carried out by the Association of Packaged Milk and Dairy Products Manufacturers (ASÜD) with the support of the Turkey – EU Civil Society Dialogue call for the fifth term. In the project where ASÜD is the coordinator beneficiary; International Business Leaders Forum (IBLF) from England, Water Footprint Network (WFN) from Netherlands and Climate Research Association (IAD)-GTE from Turkey took place as co-beneficiaries.

The aim of the project is to assess the water risk and examine the possible effects of water risk on the value chain, thereby reducing the vulnerability of the Turkish dairy sector regarding water-related risks. Within the scope of the project, field visits were carried out at the farm and enterprise level, and the water dependency in the entire value chain of the current water use in the Turkish dairy industry (feed, dairy animal raising, milk and dairy products production and delivery to the consumer) and the impact of the dairy sector on water resources were evaluated.

Investigation of the Conditions of Use of Iron Oxide Wastes in Sütas Biogas Facilities

GTE carried out the Turkey Material Marketplace (TMM) R&D project supported by the EBRD with Sutas A.Ş. In the project, instead of FeCl3, which is used as H2S scavenger in the biogas facilities of SUTAS A.Ş., the use of iron oxide wastes from the metalworking industry was evaluated. In this context, analyzes were carried out on the waste samples taken from Beycelik Gestamp A.S. and the feasibility of the application, which was tested at Sutas biogas facility, was studied by GTE.

According to the results obtained in the developed R&D project, it has been seen that the waste going to the landfills in the current situation has the potential to be evaluated. With the realization of the project, a total of 324 tons of iron oxide waste will be used annually. The proposed industrial symbiosis implementation will yield a net annual savings of €78,450 with a payback period of 3.4 years. Considering the rapidly growing biogas market, although there are 85 biogas plants operating in Turkey, the demand for remedial chemicals in biogas is expected to increase further soon.

The other project we realized with SUTAS:

Yasar Holding Water Footprint, Efficiency and Water Risk Assessment

Within the scope of sustainability targets, water footprint & water efficiency for Yasar Holding’s prominent brands Pınar milk, Pınar meat, Pınar Su, Viking Kağıt, Dyo Boya, Dyo Printing Inks, Altın Yunus, Çamlı Yem Besicilik, Yasar Birleşik Pazarlama and Desa Energy, conducted water risks assessment, carbon footprint reporting and reduction studies.

Yasar Group companies, whose corporate carbon footprint was calculated by GTE and ERM in 2012, set the target of reducing their emissions per unit production by 15% in 2020, and with this target, Yasar Group became the first domestic company to receive an emission reduction commitment. In the study carried out, the carbon footprints of the companies and the hot carbon spots that cause the most carbon emissions were determined. Emission reduction measures have been put forward within the carbon reduction roadmap for each company.